Literature

Uttar Pradesh has always been rich in languages. The languages that have prevailed in the state are Hindi, Sanskrit, Urdu, Awadhi Braj Bhasha, English, Bhojpuri, Bundeli and Kannauji etc.Uttar Pradesh is the land of famous writers like Kalidas, Tulsidas, Keshavdas and Surdas. The land has seen two of the greatest Sanskrit epics Ramayana and Mahabharata. The prominent locations of literature have been Varanasi, Awadh, and Allahabad.Varanasi, since ancient times, has been the major hub for luminaries to participate in religious and educational debates based on a various range of topics and philosophies.Uttar Pradesh has been the main center for languages like Hindi and Urdu. The state has seen legendary writers and poets like Harivansh Rai Bachchan, Munshi Premchand, Srikant Verma, Mahadevi Verma, Suryakant Tripathi ‘Nirala’, Sumitra Nandan Pant and Mahavir Prasad Dwivedi etc. Firaq Gorakhpuri, Josh Malihabadi, Akbar Allahabadi, Mazaz Lakhnavi, Kaifi Azmi, Ali Sardar Jafri, Shaqeel Badayuni and Nida Fazili are the names of a few Urdu poets and writers who have contributed towards the rich literature of the state.

Destinations

Allahabad

Allahabad is a beautiful city situated at the confluence of the Rivers Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati. The city draws attention of pilgrims and heritage lovers from all over the world as it opens the traveller to a world of mythological and spiritual wonders. Allahabad is a fusion of sanctity, religion, traditions, history and architecture which offers varied experiences from historical to religious. Allahabad is one of the destinations which holds the Kumbh Mela, world’s largest congregation of devotees. For the Mughals the city had a great strategic importance to control their empire, and it also became a prominent administrative hub for the British era. The city was the nerve centre of activities during the India’s Freedom Movement. Several eminent national leaders were born on this land. Allahabad has also played a leading role in development of Hindi and Urdu literature. The city has been described in ancient scriptures as ‘Teerthraj’, the holiest pilgrimage centre and is indeed a perfect place to have a soulful escape.

Varanasi

Varanasi or Banaras, mentioned in the scriptures as Kashi, is less of a city and more of a dreamy experience. It is a paragon of Indian culture, philosophy, traditions and spiritual ethos since times immemorial. It is among the Sapta Puries, meaning seven sacred cities of Ancient India. The city is located on the bank of River Ganga which has two tributaries in the city: Varuna and Assi; hence the name Varanasi. The combination of Kashi – the holy city, Ganga- the sacred river and Shiva- the supreme God, makes Varanasi an immortal destination. Today, Varanasi remains the hub of cultural and holy activities. In the field of learning, especially of Religion, Philosophy, Yoga, Ayurveda, Astrology, Dance and Music, the city is certainly unparalleled. The Banarasi Silk Sarees and Brocades are known worldwide for its elegance. Varanasi is full of surprises abounding every corner; the more one explores it, the more one falls in love with it!

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