The large collection of gardens and ruins that makes up the Residency offers a fascinating historical glimpse of the beginning of the end for the British Raj. Built in 1800, the Residency became the stage for the most dramatic events of the 1857 First War of Independence, the 147 – day siege of Lucknow that claimed the lives of thousands. The compound has been left as it was at the time of the final relief and the walls are pockmarked from bullets and cannon balls. The museum in the main Residency building has a scale model of the original buildings. Downstairs are the huge basement rooms where many British women and children took shelter throughout the siege. The cemetery around the ruined St. Mary’s Church is where 2000 of the defenders were buried including their leader, Sir Henry Lawrence, ‘who tried to do this duty’ according to the famous inscription on his weathered gravestone.
Don’t spread any kind of dirt in and around the vicinity of the monument.