The ancient Gorakhpur, in addition to modern, comprised the districts of Basti, Deoria, Azamgarh, and parts of Nepal Tarai.It is named after Saint Gorakhhnath. In older times Gorakhpur was part of the Koshal kingdom in 6th century B.C. The oldest monarch known to have ruled here was Iksvaku who established Kshatriya’s solar dynasty. Several big rulers originated from this dynasty, the greatest of which was Lord Rama. Gorakhpur has also been an important part of various other dynasties like Kushanas, Mauryas, Guptas, Shungas, and Harsha. For a long period, it remained under the sway of the Muslim rulers, from Qutub-Ud-Din Aibak to Bahadur Shah.In 1801, during the time of British Empire, the rule of Gorakhpur which was under the Nawab of Awadh was passed on to East India Company. In 1865, a new district was carved out from the area of Gorakhpur called Basti. Then the latter was split to Deoria, a new district in 1946. In the independent India of 1989, Mahrajganj was created from Gorakhpur. Gorakhpur is a place of much historical importance and enriched with many attractions.The city experiences a high footfall of tourists due to its interesting past and religious sites for all religions.